How to deal with academic publication not peer-reviewed?
There is a distinction to be made between peer reviewed academic publications (that include books and PhD dissertations) and professional publications. The latter category (professional publications) is not necessarily peer-reviewed and aimed at a professional audience.
Should professional publications be peer reviewed?
Professional publications do not need to be peer reviewed. The definition in use here is: A count of all publications published in journals/books/proceedings that are addressed to a professional audience and that can be traced bibliographically. These publications are not peer reviewed as in the category academic publications. Please note: this definition is still under review.
What are peer reviewed publications?
There is a distinction to be made between peer reviewed academic publications (that include books and PhD dissertations) and professional publications. The latter category (professional publications) is not necessarily peer-reviewed and aimed at a professional audience
What is a start up firm?
In addition to the definition in the U-Map Glossary, the following speficiation applies. Here, a start up firm is considered a spin-off of the HEI:
Many definitions of spin-offs exist. The shortest we know is the following (Wintjes, et al., 2002):
A spin-off is a new firm where knowledge that was recently created in a HEI is used as a substantial contribution to the firm’s foundation.
In our project we propose to use the following three criteria for spin-offs:
1. New firms founded by employees of a university or another higher education institution (including staff, professors or post-docs) to transfer and commercialise inventions resulting from the R&D efforts of the HEI’s departments. 2. New firms that have received a license to use technology (or broader: Intellectual Property) created in the university/HEI. 3. Firms where the university/HEI participates in the equity (i.e. share) capital or that have been started directly by the university/HEI.
If one of these criteria is met, we speak of a spin-off.
The definition is based on the idea that it is a new company and there is a direct transfer of knowledge from the institution (‘host’) to the company. It is not just a simple matter of including all firms started by students or alumni, or counting all firms located on/in an institution’s incubator or science park. There has to be a direct link between the new firm and the HE institution in the sense of the knowledge transferred to the firm or the HEI making capital or facilities available to the firm. If there is no such link or involvement of the HEI, the firm will not be counted as a spin-off of the HEI.
The location of the firm as such is not important. The firm can be located in the immediate region, but just as well somewhere else. Crucial is the knowledge (technology) at stake and the host institution where the knowledge originates from.
The definition is not restricted to a particular type of firm. The firm’s products or services may be of a technological or non-technological (e.g. creative arts; media services) character.
How to deal with patents which are related to individuals?
The U-Map team agreed after consultation with experts in the field, to only count patents that are filed by the university.
What do you mean by 'Exhibitions'?
An exhibition is an event organised by the higher education institution where the academic staff or the students of the institution display their work (products, services, design, prototype, audiovisual/musical output) to the general public. There should be some evidence of the event in terms of a bibliographically traceable catalogue, or similar evidence that the event took place (this excludes e.g. the Dutch ‘Studium Generale’).
What is the database to be used for number of peer reviewed publications?
You may use your database where national journals and other academic peer reviewed publications (that do not appear in the existing databases) are counted as well.
What are 'peer reviewed other research products'?
These outputs may be found through bibliographical searches and have been documented officially. This category includes exhibition catalogues, musical compositions, designs, and other artefacts that underwent a process of peer review.